Cavitation behind a circular micro pillar

Arash Nayebzadeh, Yingying Wang, Hanieh Tabkhi, Jeong Heon Shin, Yoav Peles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


An experimental study of hydrodynamic cavitation was conducted in a rectangular microchannel with a pillar. Distilled water was used as working fluid in an open fluid loop, and cavitation was obtained by applying a range of pressure differences between inlet and outlet tanks. High speed camera captured the flow patterns from inception to fully developed cavitating flow. A minimum delay of 10 min in the formation of cavitation was recorded in all experiments, which is due to the stochastic nature of phenomenon. Cavitation inception conditions were obtained in terms of the cavitation numbers, and a flow map was developed for subsequent cavitation flow. By analyzing time series of gray scale intensity of pixels inside the cavity, dominant frequencies were identified. Transient single phase numerical simulations were performed to gain a better understanding of the flow field in the microchannel, verify pressure measurements, and to relate the separation angle to the attached cavitation angle around the pillar. Emphasis was placed on characterizing the wake region downstream the pillar as it is closely related to the occurrence of the cavitation phenomena.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-78
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
StatePublished - Jan 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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