BACKGROUND: The splenic inflammatory response after cerebral ischemia has been implicated in secondary brain injury. We have recently reported that CD147 plays an important role in driving brain inflammation after ischemic stroke. In this study, we hypothesized that CD147 may play a role in the splenic inflammatory response after cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Transient (60 min) middle cerebral artery occlusion was induced in wild-type mice treated with an anti-CD147 antibody (αCD147) 1 h before ischemia onset. The splenic inflammatory response was evaluated at 4 and 24 h, representing the peak and early stage of splenic inflammatory activation in this model. Changes in mRNA and protein expression of CD147 and inflammatory markers were measured using RT-qPCR and western blot, respectively. Immune cells in the spleen and brain were measured using flow cytometry. RESULTS: CD147 expression was rapidly upregulated in the spleen at 4 and 24 h after ischemia onset. The splenic inflammatory response induced by cerebral ischemia was inhibited by αCD147 treatment as demonstrated by the reduced expression of cytokines (TNFα, IL-6, IL-1β) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in the spleen at 4 and 24 h after ischemia onset. Furthermore, reduced expression of Ly-6C and CCR2 coincided with a decrease in the number of Ly-6Chigh MMs subset in the spleen at 4 h after ischemia onset. This suggests αCD147 treatment abrogates cerebral ischemia-induced inflammatory activation of splenic monocytes/macrophages (MMs). In addition, the experiment in splenectomized mice showed the spleen as the major source of infiltrated Ly-6Chigh MMs subset in the ischemic brain and that brain infiltration of Ly-6Chigh MMs was reduced by αCD147 treatment. These results reveal CD147 as a key mediator of the spleen's inflammatory activation in response to cerebral ischemia.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience