The distribution and time course of Fos expression in neurons in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) were studied in endotoxemic rats in two separate experiments. In each case, the severity of the endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS) challenge was characterized by using physiological outcome variables, including blood pressure and heart rate. Throughout the rostrocaudal extent of the CeA, extensive Fos staining was found 3 hours after injection with a hypotensive close of Salmonella enteritidis LPS. Hypotension alone has been reported to induce Fos in the CeA; therefore, the remaining experiments were performed by using a lower dose of Escherichia coli LPS that did not cause hypotension. The nonhypotensive dose of E. coli LPS also induced Fos in large numbers of neurons of the CeA, with peak staining at 2 hours and Fos staining persisting for 6 hours after LPS injection. Tachycardia and fever after LPS also persisted for at least 6 hours. CoA Fos staining during nonhypotensive endotoxemia was predominantly located in the lateral subnucleus, although Fos-stained medial subnucleus neurons were also present. Additional forebrain regions that showed persistent Fos staining 6 hours after LPS included the parvocellular paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, and the medial preoptic area. Forebrain regions that contained Fos-stained nuclei at earlier time points, but not at 6 hours, included the supraoptic nucleus, magnocellular regions of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, the subfornical organ, and the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis. Few CeA neurons showed Fos staining in rats that were restrained in a ventilated plastic tube. Neurons in the lateral septal nucleus and the medial amygdaloid nucleus, which have numerous Fos-stained nuclei after stressors such as footshock or restraint, did not show Fos staining above control levels after LPS administration. Activation of CeA neurons after intravenous LPS may indicate persistent drive from vagal afferents and may implicate the CeA in the autonomic, neuroendocrine, and/or behavioral responses to this treatment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Comparative Neurology|
|State||Published - Mar 24 1997|
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