CFD analysis of gear windage losses: Validation and parametric aerodynamic studies

Matthew J. Hill, Robert F. Kunz, Richard B. Medvitz, Robert F. Handschuh, Lyle N. Long, Ralph W. Noack, Philip J. Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method has been applied to gear configurations with and without shrouding. The goals of this work have been to validate the numerical and modeling approaches used for these applications and to develop physical understanding of the aerodynamics of gear windage loss. Several spur gear geometries are considered, for which experimental data are available. Various canonical shrouding configurations and free spinning (no shroud) cases are studied. Comparisons are made with experimental data from open literature, and data recently obtained in the NASA Glenn Research Center Gear Windage Test Facility, Cleveland, OH. The results show good agreement with the experiment. The parametric shroud configuration studies carried out in the Glenn experiments and the CFD analyses elucidate the physical mechanisms of windage losses as well as mitigation strategies due to shrouding and newly proposed tooth contour modifications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number031103
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering


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