Change in Eating-Disorder Psychopathology Network Structure in Patients With Binge-Eating Disorder: Findings From Treatment Trial With 12-Month Follow-Up

Lauren N. Forrest, Carlos M. Grilo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Effective treatments exist for binge-eating disorder (BED), although roughly 50% of patients fail to attain binge-eating abstinence. Evidence on how to refine treatments is lacking. Conceptualizing BED as arising from a network of symptom-to-symptom interactions allows for the identification of the most strongly connected symptoms, which could inform intervention targets. This study assessed how BED symptom centrality changed with behaviorally based weight-loss treatments (BBWLTs). Methods: Participants were 191 adult patients (71% female, 79% White) with BED with comorbid obesity participating in a randomized controlled trial testing 6-month BBWLTs for BED. Independent assessments of BED symptoms were performed at pretreatment, posttreatment, and 12 months after treatment. Strength centrality indicated how strongly and frequently symptoms were associated with each other in the network. Significant changes in centrality between timepoints were determined using permutation tests. Results: At pretreatment, overvaluation of shape/weight and preoccupation with shape/weight and food/eating had the highest strength centrality. At posttreatment and 12-month follow-up, dissatisfaction with shape/weight had the highest centrality, which significantly increased from pretreatment. Conclusions: The relations among symptoms of BED are not static and change over timewith treatment. BBWLTs do not appear to reduce connectivity of overvaluation of shape/ weight (the most central BED symptom prior to treatment), but instead increase connectivity of dissatisfaction with shape/weight with other symptoms following treatment. The observed network structure of symptoms following BBWLTs resembles network analyses of people without eating disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-502
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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