Change-oriented behavior: A meta-analysis of individual and job design predictors

Sophia V. Marinova, Chunyan Peng, Natalia Lorinkova, Linn Van Dyne, Dan Chiaburu

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Abstract

We propose and meta-analytically test a theoretical model of individual and job-based predictors of change-oriented behaviors. Meta-analytic tests (106 effect sizes, N. =. 28,402) demonstrate that employee's proactive personality is a stronger predictor of change-oriented behavior than the five-factor model (FFM) personality traits of openness and extraversion. Also, enriched job characteristics (autonomy, complexity, and task significance) are more important in predicting change-oriented behavior, than un-enriched job characteristics (routinization and formalization). Finally, we establish work engagement as a mediator that provides an explanation for how and why proactive personality and enriched job characteristics predict change-oriented behavior. We provide both theoretical and empirical integration of the literature with practical implications for managing change-oriented behaviors, which are increasingly recognized as important to both organizational effectiveness and employee career management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-120
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume88
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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