Changes in fecal lipidome after treatment with ivacaftor without changes in microbiome or bile acids

Rosara Bass, Ceylan Tanes, Kyle Bittinger, Yun Li, Hongzhe Lee, Elliot S. Friedman, Imhoi Koo, Andrew D. Patterson, Qing Liu, Gary D. Wu, Virginia A. Stallings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Alterations in gastrointestinal health are prominent manifestations of cystic fibrosis (CF) and can independently impact pulmonary function. Ivacaftor has been associated with robust improvements in pulmonary function and weight gain, but less is known about the impact of ivacaftor on the fecal microbiome, lipidome, and bile acids. Methods: Stool samples from 18 patients with CF and gating mutations (ages 6–61 years, 13 pancreatic insufficient) were analyzed for fecal microbiome and lipidome composition as well as bile acid concentrations at baseline and after 3 months of treatment with ivacaftor. Microbiome composition was also assessed in a healthy reference cohort. Results: Alpha and beta diversity of the microbiome were different between CF and reference cohort at baseline, but no treatment effect was seen in the CF cohort between baseline and 3 months. Seven lipids increased with treatment. No differences were seen in bile acid concentrations after treatment in CF. At baseline, 403 lipids and unconjugated bile acids were different between pancreatic insufficient (PI-CF) and sufficient (PS-CF) groups and 107 lipids were different between PI-CF and PS-CF after 3 months of treatment. Conclusions: The composition and diversity of the fecal microbiome were different in CF as compared to a healthy reference, and did not change after 3 months of ivacaftor. We detected modest differences in the fecal lipidome with treatment. Differences in lipid and bile acid profiles between PS-CF and PI-CF were attenuated after 3 months of treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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