Characterization of a nitrogen diluted hydrogen diffusion flame for model validation

Joseph A. Ranalli, Peter A. Strakey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Dilute hydrogen diffusion flames have been considered as a gas turbine combustion strategy that provides relatively low levels of NOx emissions for application in integrated gasification combined cycle power generation. These flames also represent a challenging environment for computational modeling efforts due to the complexity of molecular transport effects, turbulence-chemistry interaction, and near extinction flame conditions. In order to provide data for validation of computational modeling efforts, measurements of major species concentration and flame temperature were made in such a flame using spontaneous Raman scattering. Experimental results demonstrate the importance of differential species diffusion, which occurs due to the disparity between diffusion characteristics of hydrogen and nitrogen. Additionally, the flame temperatures observed were quite low relative to the equilibrium flame temperature, due to flame strain. This confirms the fact that suppression of the thermal mechanism of NOx formation plays a significant role in reducing NOx emissions from this type of flame.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1351-1375
Number of pages25
JournalCombustion science and technology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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