Characterization of internal voids and cracks in cold heading of dual phase steel

Amar Sabih, Priti Wanjara, James Nemes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


In this work, the mechanism of void and microcrack formation along the adiabatic shear bands (ASB) was studied for processing dual phase steel by cold heading. Experimental investigation along with finite element simulation has confirmed that this mechanism depends on two types of instabilities, namely geometrical and thermal instabilities. The geometric instability occurs in the presence of second phase particles (inclusions) and in relation to the material flow orientation, whilst the thermal softening arises due to the localized plastic deformation inside the ASB. Progressive deformation was observed to cause the elongation of voids in the direction of shearing that formed microcracks in the ASB of the cold headed specimen. In addition, transformed bands were observed in the highly deformed zones as a result of the temperature in the ASB exceeding the Ac3 transformation temperature 847°C. The superposition of the location of the ASB region containing the voids and micro-cracks with the phase transformation zone indicates that the development of optimized processing conditions is particularly critical for preventing fracture during cold heading of dual phase steels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1179-1186
Number of pages8
JournalISIJ International
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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