Characterization of the Japanese quail oocyte receptor for very low density lipoprotein and vitellogenin

Robert Glenn Elkin, I. MacLachlan, M. Hermann, W. J. Schneider

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The plasma membrane receptor for VLDL and vitellogenin from oocytes of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) was characterized and compared with that of another domestic fowl, the chicken (Gallus domesticus). When visualized by ligand blotting with biotinylated or 125I-labeled lipoproteins, the quail VLDL/vitellogenin receptor had an apparent M(r) of 95 kDa under nonreducing conditions, identical to that of the chicken receptor. Upon analysis by ligand blotting, binding of radiolabeled quail plasma VLDL to the quail oocyte receptor seemed to be saturable and exhibited high affinity (apparent K(d) of 13.9 mg/L). Cross-reactivity, at the level of ligand recognition, was observed between quail and chicken VLDL/vitellogenin receptors, and immunological relatedness was demonstrated by Western blotting with a rabbit anti-chicken oocyte VLDL receptor antibody. In contrast, a species difference was observed in the apolipoprotein VLDL-II moiety of plasma VLDL. Chicken apolipoprotein VLDL-II, an 82-amino acid protein with a disulfide crosslink at residue 75 (the sole cysteine residue), existed as a homodimer of 9.5 kDa subunits and, to a lesser extent, as a monomer. Quail apolipoprotein VLDL-II existed only in monomeric form without reduction and lacked cysteine. The present results demonstrate that, despite a difference in an apolipoprotein moiety of VLDL, quail and chicken oocyte lipoprotein receptors share key structural and functional elements. This lends further support to the notion that receptor recognition is mediated by the common VLDL component, apolipoprotein B.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1258-1266
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science


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