Charge dynamics and bending actuation in Aquivion membrane swelled with ionic liquids

Junhong Lin, Yang Liu, Q. M. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


The actuation strain and speed of ionic electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators are mainly determined by the charge transport through the actuators and excess ion storage near the electrodes. We employ a recently developed theory on ion transport and storage to investigate the charge dynamics of short side chain Aquivion® (Hyflon®) membranes with different uptakes of ionic liquid (IL) 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate (EMI-Tf). The results reveal the existence of a critical uptake of ionic liquids above which the membrane exhibits a high ionic conductivity (σ > 5 × 10-2 mS/cm). Especially, we investigate the charge dynamics under voltages which are in the range for practical device operation (∼1 V and higher). The results show that the ionic conductivity, ionic mobility, and mobile ion concentration do not change with the applied voltage below 1 V (and for σ below 4 V). The results also show that bending actuation of the Aquivion membrane with 40wt% EMI-Tf is much larger than that of Nafion, indicating that the shorter flexible side chains improve the electromechanical coupling between the excess ions and the membrane backbones, while not affecting the actuation speed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-546
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 21 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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