Childhood Educational Outcomes of Children Born with Gastroschisis

Nahed O. ElHassan, Megha Sharma, Chary Akmyradov, Jeffrey R. Kaiser, Anthony Goudie, Wendy N. Nembhard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: To compare third grade literacy and mathematics test proficiency among children born with gastroschisis vs unaffected controls and identify predictors of academic proficiency among these children. Study design: Infants born with gastroschisis (2000-2005) were identified from the Arkansas Reproductive Health Monitoring System. For each case, 2 controls were selected at random from birth certificates and matched for hospital and month of birth, sex, and race/ethnicity. Data on rehospitalization within the first 6 years and payer data were abstracted from the Arkansas Hospital Inpatient Discharge database. Surviving cases and controls were linked to the Arkansas Department of Education database containing achievement test scores. The primary outcome was proficiency, defined as performance at or above grade level, on third grade achievement tests. Cases and controls who did not attend public schools could not be linked to education records. Multivariable logistic regression models evaluated the association between study characteristics and academic proficiency. Results: The final study cohort included 47 cases and 63 controls. There was no statistically significant difference in the rate of literacy (68% vs 81%; P = .65) or mathematics proficiency (89% vs 87%; P = .15) between cases and controls. On multivariable analysis, a complex gastroschisis (defined as atresia, volvulus, necrosis, or perforation of the bowel) was associated with lower proficiency in literacy (aOR, 0.1; 95% CI, 0.02-0.58; P = .01). No neonatal or maternal characteristics predictive of lower proficiency in mathematics were identified. Conclusions: Among children born with gastroschisis, the presence of a complex gastroschisis was associated with lower proficiency on third grade literacy achievement tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-116.e3
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
StatePublished - Jan 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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