Poa annua L. is a globally distributed grass with economic and horticultural significance as a weed and as a turfgrass. This dual significance, and its phenotypic plasticity and ecological adaptation, have made P. annua an intriguing plant for genetic and evolutionary studies. Because of the lack of genomic resources and its allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 28) nature, a reference genome sequence would be a valuable asset to better understand the significance and polyploid origin of P. annua. Here we report a genome assembly with scaffolds representing the 14 haploid chromosomes that are 1.78 Gb in length with an N50 of 112 Mb and 96.7% of BUSCO orthologs. Seventy percent of the genome was identified as repetitive elements, 91.0% of which were Copia- or Gypsy-like long-terminal repeats. The genome was annotated with 76,420 genes spanning 13.3% of the 14 chromosomes. The two subgenomes originating from Poa infirma (Knuth) and Poa supina (Schrad) were sufficiently divergent to be distinguishable but syntenic in sequence and annotation with repetitive elements contributing to the expansion of the P. infirma subgenome.
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