Chronic Lung Disease and Mortality after Cardiac Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study

Dmitry Ponomarev, Oksana Kamenskaya, Asya Klinkova, Irina Loginova, Pavel Vedernikov, Igor Kornilov, Vladimir Shmyrev, Vladimir Lomivorotov, Aleksander Chernavskiy, Aleksander Karaskov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objective: To investigate the 1-year survival in cardiac surgical patients with lung disease, including previously undiagnosed cases. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary hospital. Participants: Patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) were performed in 454 patients before surgery. Abnormal respiratory patterns were defined as follows: obstructive (forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity <0.70), restrictive (forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity ≥0.70 and forced vital capacity <80% of predicted), and mixed. Overall 1-year mortality was 3.3%. Among 31 patients with documented chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), mortality was 9.6%, hazard ratio (HR) 1.28, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-12.80, p = 0.04. Of 423 patients without history of COPD, 57 obstructive, 46 restrictive, and 4 mixed abnormal patterns were identified. Of a total of 72 with obstructive lung disease confirmed by PFT (ie, 15 of COPD patients and 57 newly identified cases), 6.9% died, HR 2.75, 95% CI 0.98-8.07, p = 0.06. When combined with cases of COPD where a respiratory abnormality was confirmed (26 patients), newly diagnosed obstructive lung disease (57 patients) was significantly associated with 1-year mortality, HR 4.13, 95% CI 1.50-11.42, p = 0.006. The adjustment for EuroSCORE II did not change the results. Conclusions: Combination of confirmed preexisting lung disease and newly diagnosed cases provides a clear link to mid-term mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2241-2245
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Chronic Lung Disease and Mortality after Cardiac Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this