Cigarette smoking associated with sleep difficulty

Constantin R. Soldatos, Joyce D. Kales, Martin B. Scharf, Edward O. Bixler, Anthony Kales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations


A group of 50 smokers experienced greater sleep difficulty than a group of 50 nonsmokers matched by age and sex. The two groups did not differ in personality patterns or drug consumption. Also, sleep patterns significantly improved in a group of eight chronic smokers when they abstained from cigarette smoking. These findings are consistent with reports on the stimulant effects of nicotine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-553
Number of pages3
Issue number4430
StatePublished - 1980

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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