Classifying patterns of understory vegetation in mixed-oak forests in two ecoregions of Pennsylvania

Melanie J. Kaeser, Peter J. Gould, Marc E. McDill, Kim C. Steiner, James C. Finley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Understory plots in mixed-oak stands in the Ridge and Valley and Allegheny Plateau ecoregions of Pennsylvania were classified to summarize the range of understory conditions common to the region and to evaluate relationships between understory vegetation, overstory conditions, and advance tree regeneration. Factor analysis and cluster analysis were used to identify understory classes. Vegetation cover data including 15 variables (plant species, bare ground, and rocky ground cover) and 4 composite variables (plant species groups) were observed on 1, 208 204-m2 plots. The eight vegetation classes resulting from the analyses were associated with different overstory compositions and advance regeneration densities. The understory classes identified in this study may provide insight on the distribution and diversity of problematic and nonproblematic vegetation types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-44
Number of pages7
JournalNorthern Journal of Applied Forestry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • General Materials Science
  • Plant Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Classifying patterns of understory vegetation in mixed-oak forests in two ecoregions of Pennsylvania'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this