Objective:The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with time to surgical recurrence after Crohn's ileocolectomy.Summary Background Data:The most common surgery performed for Crohn's disease is ileocolectomy. Identifying patients at high risk for surgical recurrence may assist with medical and surgical decision-making.Methods:Data were obtained from 409 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) who had undergone ≥1 ileocolectomies at Penn State Hershey Medical Center. Six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with CD were evaluated in these patients: rs2076756, rs2066844, and rs2066845 in NOD2, rs4958847 and rs13361189 in IRGM, and rs2241880 in ATG16L1. Genotype and clinical factors were analyzed to determine associations with time to recurrent ileocolectomy. A subgroup analysis was performed on 241 patients naïve to biologics before initial ileocolectomy to assess the effect of biologic therapy on time to recurrent surgery.Results:There were 286 patients who underwent a single ileocolectomy, whereas 123 required multiple ileocolectomies. Ileocolonic involvement [hazard ratio (HR) 1.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21-3.00, P = 0.006] and rs2066844 in NOD2 (HR 1.8, 95% CI 1.17-2.77, P = 0.007) were associated with decreased time to surgical recurrence by multivariate analysis. In patients naïve to preoperative biologics, the initiation of postoperative biologics was associated with a 40% decreased incidence of surgical recurrence (HR 0.60, CI 0.39-0.93, P = 0.02) over time.Conclusions:Ileocolonic distribution of disease and the rs2066844 SNP in NOD2 are associated with shorter time to recurrent ileocolectomy. The initiation of postoperative biologics in naïve patients was associated with a reduced incidence of recurrence over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-351
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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