Closed-incision negative-pressure wound therapy reduces superficial surgical site infections after open colon surgery: an NSQIP Colectomy Study

M. M. Mankarious, N. L. Eng, A. C. Portolese, M. J. Deutsch, P. Lynn, A. S. Kulaylat, J. S. Scow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The use of closed-incision negative-pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) has increased in the last decade across surgical fields, including colectomy. Aim: To compare postoperative outcomes associated with use of iNPWT following open colectomy from a large national database. Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent operations from 2015 to 2020 was performed using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Targeted Colectomy Database. Intraoperative placement of iNPWT was identified in patients undergoing open abdominal operations with closure of all wound layers including skin. Propensity score matching was performed to define a control group who underwent closure of all wound layers without iNPWT. Patients were matched in a 1:4 (iNPWT vs control) ratio and postoperative rates of superficial, deep and organ-space surgical site infection (SSI), wound disruption, and readmission. Findings: A matched cohort of 1884 was selected. Patients with iNPWT had longer median operative time (170 (interquartile range: 129–232) vs 161 (114–226) min; P<0.05). Compared to patients without iNPWT, patients with iNPWT experienced a lower rate of 30-day superficial incisional SSI (3% vs 7%; P<0.05) and readmissions (10% vs 14%; P<0.05). iNPWT did not decrease risk of deep SSI, organ-space SSI, or wound disruption. Conclusion: Although there is a slightly increased operative time, utilization of iNPWT in open colectomy is associated with lower odds of superficial SSI and 30-day readmission. This suggests that iNPWT should be routinely utilized in open colon surgery to improve patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-192
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hospital Infection
Volume145
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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