Inspired by coalescent theory in biology, we introduce a stochastic model called "multi-person simple random walks" or "coalescent random walks" on a graph G. There are any finite number of persons distributed randomly at the vertices of G. In each step of this discrete time Markov chain, we randomly pick up a person and move it to a random adjacent vertex. To study this model, we introduce the tensor powers of graphs and the tensor products of Markov processes. Then the coalescent random walk on graph G becomes the simple random walk on a tensor power of G. We give estimates of expected number of steps for these persons to meet all together at a specific vertex. For regular graphs, our estimates are exact.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics