College students’ COVID-19 vaccine beliefs and intentions: Implications for interventions

Meg Leavy Small, Robert P. Lennon, John J. Dziak, Rachel Annette Smith, Gillian Sommerville, Nita Bharti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


On college campuses, effective management of vaccine-preventable transmissible pathogens requires understanding student vaccination intentions. This is necessary for developing and tailoring health messaging to maximize uptake of health information and vaccines. The current study explored students’ beliefs and attitudes about vaccines in general, and the new COVID-19 vaccines specifically. This study provides insights into effective health messaging needed to rapidly increase COVID-19 vaccination on college campuses—information that will continue to be informative in future academic years across a broad scope of pathogens. Data were collected from 696 undergraduate students ages 18–29 years old enrolled in a large public university in the Northeast during fall 2020. Data were collected via an online survey. Overall, we found COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in college students correlated strongly with some concerns about vaccines in general as well as with concerns specific to COVID-19 vaccines. Taken together, these results provide further insight for message development and delivery and can inform more effective interventions to advance critical public health outcomes on college campuses beyond the current pandemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of American College Health
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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