Colorectal Cancer in Rural Nebraska

Mark H. Greene, Regina G. Ziegler, Robert Hoover, Joseph F. Fraumeni, Ann Toledo, Henry T. Lynch, Linda Williams Pickle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations


A case-control interview study of colorectal cancer was conducted in two rural counties of eastern Nebraska to determine reasons for the elevated colon cancer mortality rates during 1950 to 1969. Comparison of the information provided by 86 colorectal cancer cases and 176 matched controls (or their next of kin) revealed an increased risk among persons of Czech background, with persons of Bohemian and Moravian extraction predominating in this area. The data suggest an interaction between Bohemian ancestry and certain dietary patterns in the pathogenesis of colon cancer in this region. Colon cancer risk was elevated among commercial beer drinkers regardless of their ethnic background, although Bohemians reported heavier consumption. An excess risk was also associated with intestinal polyps, reported more often by Moravians, and with familial occurrence of gastrointestinal and other cancers. Since 1969, the mortality and incidence rates for colon cancer in this area have declined, possibly as a consequence of acculturation of the American-bom descendants of Czech immigrants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-369
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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