Commissioning of the 36 T Series-Connected Hybrid Magnet at the NHMFL

Mark D. Bird, William W. Brey, Timothy A. Cross, Iain R. Dixon, A. Griffin, Scott T. Hannahs, John Kynoch, Ilya M. Litvak, Jefferey L. Schiano, Jack Toth

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10 Scopus citations


The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory has commissioned a 36.1 T resistive/superconducting hybrid magnet with homogeneity and stability of 1 ppm over a 10 mm diameter spherical volume to be used for solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Most NMR magnets use single strands of superconducting wire carrying a few hundred amps and persistent joints and switches. This magnet uses a 20 kA superconducting cable in a steel conduit for the outer part of the magnet and copper-alloy sheet metal for the inner part of the magnet. While >15 hybrid magnets have been built worldwide, they typically have a field uniformity of ∼250 ppm/cm DSV and stability might be no better than 50 ppm. To attain 1 ppm uniformity, current density grading was employed in the resistive coils to cancel the z2 term. In addition, coils were shifted after the first map to reduce the z1 term. Ferroshims and resistive shims were installed in the bore to attain <1 ppm over 10 mm. The large inductance of the superconducting coil reduced the ripple sixfold compared with all-resistive magnets and essentially eliminated the 60 Hz ripple and its harmonics. An NMR lock reduced the low-frequency drift to attain ∼0.1 ppm stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8171763
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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