Commodity, firmness, and delight: Four modes of instructional design practice

Brad Hokanson, Charles Miller, Simon Hooper

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


This chapter is interactive, with surveys and reflective examinations of the reader's own work in instructional design. It examines instructional design using four professional models: manufacturer, engineer, architect and artist to help develop a broader understanding of the process of design. The values of the instructional design are also challenged, with the chapter examining the balance between utility and aesthetics, function and form. It concludes with a call for the instructional designer to work more as an artist, and offers tactics to encourage that change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Visual Languages for Instructional Design
Subtitle of host publicationTheories and Practices
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9781599047294
StatePublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


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