Comparative Analysis of Bacillus cereus Group Isolates' Resistance Using Disk Diffusion and Broth Microdilution and the Correlation between Antimicrobial Resistance Phenotypes and Genotypes

Emma Mills, Erin Sullivan, Jasna Kovac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bacillus cereus group isolates (n = 85) were screened for phenotypic resistance to 18 antibiotics using broth microdilution and CLSI M45 Bacillus spp. breakpoints. The susceptibility to 9 out of 18 antibiotics was also tested using disk diffusion method and M100 Staphylococcus spp. breakpoints when available. Overall, a high prevalence of susceptibility to clinically relevant antibiotics was identified using broth microdilution. For most tested antibiotics, a poor correlation was found between zones of inhibition and MICs. Using the broth microdilution results as a reference for comparison, we identified high error rates and low categorical agreement between results produced using disk diffusion and broth microdilution for the seven tested antibiotics with defined breakpoints. This suggests that disk diffusion should be avoided for AST of B. cereus group isolates. Further, we detected antimicrobial resistance genes with ARIBA and ABRIcate to calculate the sensitivity and specificity for predicting phenotypic resistance determined using broth microdilution based on the presence of detected antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs). ARGs with poor sensitivity and high specificity included rph (rifampicin, 0%, 93%), mph (erythromycin, 0%, 99%), bla1 (penicillin, 29%, 100%), and blaZ (penicillin, 56%, 100%). Compared to penicillin, bla1 and blaZ had lower specificity for the prediction of ampicillin resistance. Overall, none of the ARGs had both high sensitivity and specificity, suggesting the need for further study of the mechanisms underlying phenotypic antimicrobial resistance in the B. cereus group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere02302-21
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Biotechnology
  • Ecology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparative Analysis of Bacillus cereus Group Isolates' Resistance Using Disk Diffusion and Broth Microdilution and the Correlation between Antimicrobial Resistance Phenotypes and Genotypes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this