Comparative analysis of resection and liver transplantation for intrahepatic and hilar cholangiocarcinoma: A 24-year experience in a single center

Johnny C. Hong, Christopher M. Jones, John P. Duffy, Henrik Petrowsky, Douglas G. Farmer, Samuel French, Richard Finn, Francisco A. Durazo, Sammy Saab, Myron J. Tong, Jonathan R. Hiatt, Ronald W. Busuttil

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173 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the survival difference between 2 surgical modalities in the treatment of locally advanced intrahepatic and hilar cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and to identify factors that predict mortality. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: University transplant center. Patients: Of the 132 patients with a diagnosis of CCA treated from February 1, 1985, through June 30, 2009, 75 had metastatic disease at presentation and were excluded from the study, whereas 57 patients were candidates for surgical therapy. Tumor type was intrahepatic in 37 patients and hilar in 20 patients. Surgical therapy included orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) in 38 patients and combined radical bile duct resection with partial hepatectomy (RR) in 19 patients. Results: Tumors were locally advanced in 35 of 37 patients (95%) with intrahepatic tumors and 16 of 20 patients (80%) with hilar tumors. Adjunctive therapy was used in 35 patients (61%). The 5-year tumor recurrence-free patient survival was significantly higher in the OLT group compared with the RR group (33% vs 0%; P=.05). In the OLT group, neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies resulted in better patient survival compared with no therapy or adjuvant therapy only (47% vs 20% vs 33%, respectively; P=.03). Multivariate factors predictive of worse survival outcomes included hilar CCA, multifocal tumors, perineural invasion, and RR as the treatment modality compared with OLT. Tumor sizes - 5 cm or larger for intrahepatic and 3 cm or larger for hilar CCA - were not predictors of poor outcome. Conclusion: Orthotopic liver transplant in combination with neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies is superior to RR with adjuvant therapy in locally advanced intrahepatic and hilar CCA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-689
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume146
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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