The purpose of this study is to compare the similarities and differences between Ph.D. in Engineering Management (EM) programs to Ph.D. in Technology Management (TM) programs. In an earlier study, McKirahan et al. (2020) evaluated Ph.D. in Technology Management programs in the USA. In this study, Ph.D. in Engineering Management programs in the US, South Africa, Italy, the UK, and the UAE are contrasted to that initial study. Focus is upon the admissions requirements and curriculum aspects of these two program fields. Admissions and curriculum aspects including career goal statements by students relative to educational outcomes are examined. GRE and GMAT, bachelor’s and master's degrees, and industry or other experiences for admissions requirements are other considerations in this study. Curriculum differences and similarities, including statistics & probability, research methods, management, technical proficiencies, length of study, accreditation, publication, and venues of publication, are considered too. The study found that many similarities and differences in admission criteria and curriculum exist. The nominal, technology management versus engineering management, difference, is due to the focus upon either engineering or technology from the degree-granting university. This study will help students, industry, and government organizations seeking to match technology and engineering qualifications with the appropriate Ph.D. curriculum.