Comparing stochastic and Markov decision process approaches for predicting radio frequency interference

Jacob A. Kovarskiy, Mark Kozy, Charles Thornton, Anthony F. Martone, Ram M. Narayanan, R. Michael Buehrer, Kelly D. Sherbondy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


This work evaluates the performance of a cognitive radar system which predicts and avoids radio frequency interference (RFI) through an alternating renewal process (ARP) model-based and Markov Decision Process (MDP) approach. As radio frequency (RF) environments grow more crowded, the need for such a system becomes necessary. The cognitive radar monitors the RF activity to train a model for RFI prediction and avoidance. By modeling activity as an alternating renewal process, the stochastic approach calculates the likelihood of interference from measured RFI statistics. Alternatively, the MDP uses reinforcement learning to determine the optimal sequence of decisions given measured RF activity. Both methods eventually select the widest radar transmit bandwidth to minimize interference. The performance of each approach is evaluated by the number of collisions and missed opportunities. A hardware implemented test-bed deploys both methods on a set of synthetic and real measured RFI spectra in real-time to compare performance with the goal of determining when each process is more beneficial (in terms of performance and complexity).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRadar Sensor Technology XXIII
EditorsKenneth I. Ranney, Armin Doerry
ISBN (Electronic)9781510626713
StatePublished - 2019
EventRadar Sensor Technology XXIII 2019 - Baltimore, United States
Duration: Apr 15 2019Apr 17 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceRadar Sensor Technology XXIII 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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