A number of studies have demonstrated that depth filtration can provide significant adsorptive removal of host cell proteins (HCP), but there is still considerable uncertainty regarding the underlying factors controlling HCP binding. This study compared the binding characteristics of two fine grade depth filters, the X0SP (polyacrylic fiber with a synthetic silica filter aid) and X0HC (cellulose fibers with diatomaceous earth (DE) as a filter aid), using a series of model proteins with well-defined physical characteristics. Protein binding to the X0SP filter was dominated by electrostatic interactions with greatest capacity for positively-charged proteins. In contrast, the X0HC filter showed greater binding of more hydrophobic proteins although electrostatic interactions also played a role. In addition, ovotransferrin showed unusually high binding capacity to the X0HC, likely due to interactions with metals in the DE. Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy was used to obtain additional understanding of the binding behavior. These results provide important insights into the physical phenomena governing HCP binding to both fully synthetic and natural (cellulose + DE) depth filters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology