Comparisons were made of ornithine decarboxylase isolated from Morris hepatoma 7777, thioacetamide-treated rat liver and androgen-stimulated mouse kidney. The enzymes from each source were purified in parallel and their size, isoelectric point, interaction with a monoclonal antibody or a monospecific rabbit antiserum to ornithine decarboxylase, and rates of inactivation in vitro, were studied. Mouse kidney, which is a particularly rich source of ornithine decarboxylase after androgen induction, contained two distinct forms of the enzyme which differed slightly in isoelectric point, but not in M(r). Both forms had a rapid rate of turnover, and virtually all immunoreactive ornithine decarboxylase protein was lost within 4 h after protein synthesis was inhibited. Only one form of ornithine decarboxylase was found in thioacetamide-treated rat liver and Morris hepatoma 7777. No differences between the rat liver and hepatoma ornithine decarboxylase protein were found, but the rat ornithine decarboxylase could be separated from the mouse kidney ornithine decarboxylase by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The rat protein was slightly smaller and had a slightly more acid isoelectric point. Studies of the inactivation of ornithine decarboxylase in vitro in a microsomal system showed that the enzymes from rat liver and hepatoma 7777 and mouse kidney were inactivated at the same rate. This inactivation was not due to degradation of the enzyme protein, but was probably related to the formation of inactive forms owing to the absence of thiol-reducing agents. Treatment with 1,3-diaminopropane, which is known to cause an increase in the rate of degradation of ornithine decarboxylase in vivo did not stimulate inactivation by microsomal extracts, indicating that this system does not correspond to the rate-limiting step of enzyme breakdown in vivo.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology