Comparison of SPH boundary approaches in simulating frictional soil–structure interaction

Bahman Sheikh, Tong Qiu, Amir Ahmadipur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Two boundary algorithms in the framework of 3D smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method are proposed. The algorithms are capable of accounting for the friction and energy dissipation at elastic–plastic contacts between SPH particles and a solid boundary. Utilizing the proposed boundary algorithms, the accuracy of different methods to calculate the interaction force between SPH particles and a boundary surface is investigated. The effect of SPH artificial viscosity on the oscillation and accuracy of the calculated interaction force is also examined. It is found that using high artificial viscosities may unphysically damp out energy of the system and the use of dynamic artificial viscosity, which varies with time and space, may remediate this problem. Employing the proposed frictional boundary algorithms, the effect of basal friction on the collapse of granular columns is investigated. It is shown that the flow of a collapsing granular column can be divided into three flow regimes: a conical-shaped stationary regime, a collapsing regime, and a spreading regime. It is found that the existence and the interaction of these regimes are affected by basal friction. Additionally, the effect of basal friction on the final runout distance and deposit height is investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2389-2408
Number of pages20
JournalActa Geotechnica
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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