Compensatory mechanisms of balance to the scaling of arm-swing frequency

Ji Hyun Ko, Zheng Wang, John H. Challis, Karl M. Newell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The present study investigated the contribution of the Hof (2007) mechanism 1 (M1-moving the center of pressure (COP) with respect to the vertical projection of the center of mass (COMTotal)); and mechanism 2 (M2-rotating the trunk and upper limbs around the COMTotal) to postural control and the stability of COP-COMTotal cophase as a function of lateral arm-swing frequency. Young adults were instructed to stand still on a force platform while alternating their arm swinging from above the head to the side of their thigh to create perturbations to postural control. Scaling the frequency of arm-swing (random step changes of 0.2Hz within a bandwidth of 0.2 to 1.6Hz) increased the SD of COP but decreased the SD of COMTotal. Increments in arm-swing frequency induced a progressive increase in M1 and decrease in M2 in terms of their relative contribution to postural stability. The cophase between COP and COMTotal became more tightly in-phase over increments of arm-swing frequency. These findings show an adaptive compensatory role of M1 and M2 within the stability of COP-COMTotal coupling in the regulation of human balance control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3825-3829
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Issue number14
StatePublished - Nov 5 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation


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