Complete absorption of topologically protected waves

Guido Baardink, Gino Cassella, Luke Neville, Paul A. Milewski, Anton Souslov

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chiral edge states can transmit energy along imperfect interfaces in a topologically robust and unidirectional manner when protected by bulk-boundary correspondence. However, in continuum systems, the number of states at an interface can depend on boundary conditions. Here we design interfaces that host a net flux of the number of modes into a region, trapping incoming energy. As a realization, we present a model system of two topological fluids composed of counter-spinning particles, which are separated by a boundary that transitions from a fluid-fluid interface into a no-slip wall. In these fluids, chiral edge states disappear, which implies non-Hermiticity and leads to an interplay between topology and energy dissipation. Solving the fluid equations of motion, we find explicit expressions for the disappearing modes. We then conclude that energy dissipation is sped up by mode trapping. Instead of making efficient waveguides, our paper shows how topology can be exploited for applications towards acoustic absorption, shielding, and soundproofing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014603
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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