Comprehension and critique: an examination of students’ evaluations of information in texts

Alexandra List, Gala S.Campos Oaxaca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

While learners’ evaluations of author trustworthiness have received much attention in prior research, less work has examined how students evaluate information within texts or engage in critique. Specifically, in this exploratory study, we sought to determine how effective higher education students were at engaging in research report critique, a commonly assigned academic task, and the extent to which this was associated with comprehension and integration performance. Higher education students were asked to (a) complete a variety of individual difference measures, (b) read and critique two brief research reports, and (c) answer comprehension questions and to provide an open-ended written response to capture integration. Key findings included that students most commonly generated research-methods based critiques (e.g., considering sample size or the use of self-report) and that comprehension performance predicted the number of valid critiques generated, while both knowledge of research methods and comprehension performance predicted open-ended integration. Finally, integration performance and critique generation were significantly associated. Implications and future directions for fostering students’ abilities to engage in critique are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-671
Number of pages31
JournalReading and Writing
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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