Comprehensive experimental investigation of the hydrodynamics of large-scale, 3D, oscillating bubble plumes

M. Simiano, R. Zboray, F. de Cachard, D. Lakehal, G. Yadigaroglu

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    39 Scopus citations


    An extensive study of the most important hydrodynamic characteristics of fairly large-scale bubble plumes was conducted using several measurement techniques and a variety of tools to analyze the data. Particle image velocimetry (PIV), double-tip optical probes (OP) and photographic techniques were extensively applied to measure bubble and liquid velocities, void-fraction and bubble sizes. PIV measurements in a vertical plane crossing the centre of the injector provided the instantaneous velocity fields for both phases, as well as hydrodynamic parameters, such as the movement of the axis of the plume and its instantaneous shape. Statistical studies were performed using image processing to determine the distribution of the apparent instantaneous plume diameter and centreline position. An important finding was that there is little instantaneous spreading of the bubble plume core; the spreading of the time-averaged plume width (as measured from the time-averaged void-fraction and time-averaged liquid velocity fields) is largely due to plume meandering and oscillations. The liquid-phase stress tensor distributions obtained from the instantaneous velocity data indicate that, for the continuous phase, these stresses scale linearly with the local void-fraction in the range of 0.5% < α < 2.5%. The bubbles were found to be ellipsoidal, with shape factor e ≈ 0.5.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1160-1181
    Number of pages22
    JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
    Issue number10-11
    StatePublished - Oct 2006

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Mechanical Engineering
    • General Physics and Astronomy
    • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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