Comprehensive search for the Θ+ pentaquark on the lattice

F. Csikor, Z. Fodor, S. D. Katz, T. G. Kovács, B. C. Tóth

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11 Scopus citations


We study spin 1/2 isoscalar and isovector, even and odd parity candidates for the Θ+(1540) pentaquark particle using large scale lattice QCD simulations. Previous lattice works led to inconclusive results because so far it has not been possible to unambiguously identify the known scattering spectrum and tell whether additionally a genuine pentaquark state also exists. Here we carry out this analysis using several possible wave functions (operators). Linear combinations of those have a good chance of spanning both the scattering and pentaquark states. Our operator basis is the largest in the literature, and it also includes spatially nontrivial ones with unit orbital angular momentum. The cross correlator we compute is 14×14 with 60 nonvanishing elements. We can clearly distinguish the lowest scattering state(s) in both parity channels up to above the expected location of the pentaquark, but we find no trace of the latter. Based on that we conclude that there are most probably (≈2σ/6σ levels in the negative/positive parity channels) no pentaquark bound states at our quark masses, corresponding to mπ=400-630MeV. However, we cannot rule out the existence of a pentaquark state at the physical quark mass corresponding to mπ=135MeV or pentaquarks with a more exotic wave function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034506
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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