Compressive vs. tensile yield and fracture toughness behavior of a body-centered cubic refractory high-entropy superalloy Al0.5Nb1.25Ta1.25TiZr at temperatures from ambient to 1200°C

Punit Kumar, Sang Jun Kim, Qin Yu, Jon Ell, Mingwei Zhang, Yang Yang, Ji Young Kim, Hyung Ki Park, Andrew M. Minor, Eun Soo Park, Robert O. Ritchie

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Abstract

The microstructure of high-entropy alloys with refractory elements and Al as constituents can be considered to be analogous to superalloys. These so-termed refractory high-entropy superalloys (RHSAs) can show remarkable compressive strength up to temperatures exceeding 1200 °C. Here, we examine the microstructure and properties - compressive, tensile, and fracture toughness - of a precipitation-hardened, body-centered cubic, RHSA, Al0.5Nb1.25Ta1.25TiZr, at ambient temperature (RT) to 1200 °C. Two dual-phase microstructures comprising ordered B2 (brittle) and disordered A2 (ductile) phases were produced in this alloy - one with B2 as the matrix, the other with A2 - for evaluation of the mechanical properties. Under compression, both microstructures display RT compressive strengths above 1.5 GPa and considerable ductility exceeding 40% at elevated temperatures; the alloy with the A2 matrix has ∼15% compressive ductility even at RT. However, properties are very different under tensile loading; at all temperatures, both microstructures fail predominately in an intergranular mode in the elastic regime at a fracture stress less than 200 MPa and ductility below 0.15%. The microstructure with the A2 matrix has a KIc fracture toughness of ∼15 MPa√m at RT, although at all temperatures above 800 °C, measured KIc values for both dual-phase microstructures are less than 5 MPa√m. In this study, we investigate the microstructural origin of these mechanical properties, and emphasize the importance of evaluating these alloys in tension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number118620
JournalActa Materialia
Volume245
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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