Computational analysis of effects of clot length on Acute ischemic stroke recanalization under different cyclic aspiration loading conditions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute ischemic stroke, the second leading cause of death worldwide, results from occlusion of a cerebral artery by a blood clot. Application of cyclic aspiration using an aspiration catheter is a current therapy for the removal of lodged clots. In this study, we perform finite element simulations to analyze deformation of long clots, having length to radius ratio of 2–10, which corresponds to clot-length of 2.85–14.25 mm, under peak-to-peak cyclic aspiration pressures of 10–50 mmHg, and frequencies of 0.5, 1, and 2 Hz. Our computational system comprises of a nonlinear viscoelastic solid clot, a hyperelastic artery, and a nonlinear viscoelastic cohesive zone, the latter modeling the clot–artery interface. We observe that clots having length-to-radius ratio approximately greater than two separate from the inner arterial surface somewhere between the axial and distal ends, irrespective of the cyclic aspiration loading conditions. The stress distribution within the clot shows large tensile stresses in the clot interior, indicating the possibility of simultaneous fragmentation of the clot. Thus, this study shows us the various failure mechanisms simultaneously present in the clot during cyclic aspiration. Similarly, the stress distribution within the artery implies a possibility of endothelial damage to the arterial wall near the end where the aspiration pressure is applied. This framework provides a foundation for further investigation to clot fracture and adhesion characterization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere3667
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Computational analysis of effects of clot length on Acute ischemic stroke recanalization under different cyclic aspiration loading conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this