Fouling is a cost increasing problem for a variety of industries including aerospace, chemical, petroleum, and food. There have been studies on mitigation of fouling some of which recommend use of lower surface free energy materials, manufactured by different techniques, as an alternative to conventional materials. Although modeling of fouling for a given surface has been an area of interest; there is a lack in the models about correlating the surface free energy with deposit amount computationally. In this study, computational model, including the effect of surface energy and operational parameters, was proposed and validated to estimate amount of foulants deposits and rate of deposition. Towards this purpose, four coated surfaces (Microlube/PTFE, TM117P, AMC148, and CNT) were compared with stainless steel (SS316 as control) for flow rates of 3 and 10 g/s and inlet milk temperatures of 40 and 60 °C. The percent error for the decrease in outlet milk temperatures between the experimental data and computed results was between 2% and 18% except for CNT (29.2%). The calculations of deposit amount for each test case and the surfaces tested were in good agreement with the experiments, i.e., average percent difference values between measured and calculated values were from 11.1% to 38.1% (except CNT) with overall average of 21.5%.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science