Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling indoor chemical reactions under varied lighting and HVAC operation conditions

Youngbo Won, Donghyun Rim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Human exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can lead to adverse health effects such as breath shortness and asthma. Some gases re VOCs indoors, generating chemicalproducts which cause eye and skin irritation. Despite the fact that indoor chemical reactions affect VOCs concentration and human health, little information is available about formations of reactive gases and distributions of reaction products in systems. The objectives of this study are to investigate 1) indoor generation of reactive gas (hydroxyl radical (OH radical)) in various lighting conditions and 2) distributions and concentrations of reaction products under varied ventilation conditions. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is used to simulate chemical reactions in a ventilated room, while chemical reaction rate coefficients applied to the model based on experimental data. The model simulates that photolysis of nitrous acid (HONO) generates OH radicals in a part of the ventilated room influenced by direct solar radiation. The study results reveal the concentrations of products from the reaction between OH VOCs under varying solar incidence angles, air change rate, and supply inlet position. The results show that HONO molecules are decomposed in radicals and nitric oxide (NO) in the solar radiation zone of the room. The products are generated in the solar radiation zone and diffused to the zones. As the direct solar radiation area increases, more OH radicals are produced, thereby increasing reaction product concentrations in.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASHRAE Transactions - 2019 ASHRAE Winter Conference
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781947192256
StatePublished - 2019
Event2019 ASHRAE Winter Conference - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Jan 12 2019Jan 16 2019

Publication series

NameASHRAE Transactions
ISSN (Print)0001-2505


Conference2019 ASHRAE Winter Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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