Computer simulation forergonomic bus operator workstation design withvalidation

H. You, B. Oesterling, B. Lowe, B. J. Gilmore, A. Freivalds

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Bus operator's workstations neglecting ergonomic featurescan cause overall discomfort and injuries to the users. Thispaper presents use of JACK® , a human work simulationpackage, in designing and evaluating a bus operatorworkstation which can provide sufficient visibility, naturalreach, and comfortable posture for operators who range fromthe 5th percentile female to the 95th percentile male as definedby SAE J833 (SAE, 1994). Three human models representingthe two extremes and their medium size person were createdand performed 15 bus operating tasks on the bus workstationimplemented in JACK® . Kinematic constraints were definedbetween the human models and the workstation to simulate thetasks in a realistic manner. While the human modelssimulated the tasks, the body joints were monitored todetermine if they exceeded their comfort ranges recommendedby Diffrient et al. (1981) and the workstation was evaluated interms of visibility, reach, comfort, and adjustability. After theworkstation design was refined by iterative modifications andthe required component adjustment ranges were determined,the workstation design was prototyped into an actual workingbus. A jury of bus operators evaluated the workstation designby operating the prototype on a test track. The response fromthe operators indicated that the workstation wouldaccommodate the intended population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication24th Design Automation Conference
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791880326
StatePublished - 1998
EventASME 1998 Design Engineering Technical Conferences, DETC 1998 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Sep 13 1998Sep 16 1998

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference


ConferenceASME 1998 Design Engineering Technical Conferences, DETC 1998
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation


Dive into the research topics of 'Computer simulation forergonomic bus operator workstation design withvalidation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this