Concept and design of a genome-wide association genotyping array tailored for transplantation-specific studies

Yun R. Li, Jessica van Setten, Shefali S. Verma, Yontao Lu, Michael V. Holmes, Hui Gao, Monkol Lek, Nikhil Nair, Hareesh Chandrupatla, Baoli Chang, Konrad J. Karczewski, Chanel Wong, Maede Mohebnasab, Eyas Mukhtar, Randy Phillips, Vinicius Tragante, Cuiping Hou, Laura Steel, Takesha Lee, James GarifallouToumy Guettouche, Hongzhi Cao, Weihua Guan, Aubree Himes, Jacob van Houten, Andrew Pasquier, Reina Yu, Elena Carrigan, Michael B. Miller, David Schladt, Abdullah Akdere, Ana Gonzalez, Kelsey M. Llyod, Daniel McGinn, Abhinav Gangasani, Zach Michaud, Abigail Colasacco, James Snyder, Kelly Thomas, Tiancheng Wang, Baolin Wu, Alhusain J. Alzahrani, Amein K. Al-Ali, Fahad A. Al-Muhanna, Abdullah M. Al-Rubaish, Samir Al-Mueilo, Dimitri S. Monos, Barbara Murphy, Kim M. Olthoff, Cisca Wijmenga, Teresa Webster, Malek Kamoun, Suganthi Balasubramanian, Matthew B. Lanktree, William S. Oetting, Pablo Garcia-Pavia, Daniel G. MacArthur, Paul I.W. de Bakker, Hakon Hakonarson, Kelly A. Birdwell, Pamala A. Jacobson, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Folkert W. Asselbergs, Ajay K. Israni, Abraham Shaked, Brendan J. Keating

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Background: In addition to HLA genetic incompatibility, non-HLA difference between donor and recipients of transplantation leading to allograft rejection are now becoming evident. We aimed to create a unique genome-wide platform to facilitate genomic research studies in transplant-related studies. We designed a genome-wide genotyping tool based on the most recent human genomic reference datasets, and included customization for known and potentially relevant metabolic and pharmacological loci relevant to transplantation. Methods: We describe here the design and implementation of a customized genome-wide genotyping array, the 'TxArray', comprising approximately 782,000 markers with tailored content for deeper capture of variants across HLA, KIR, pharmacogenomic, and metabolic loci important in transplantation. To test concordance and genotyping quality, we genotyped 85 HapMap samples on the array, including eight trios. Results: We show low Mendelian error rates and high concordance rates for HapMap samples (average parent-parent-child heritability of 0.997, and concordance of 0.996). We performed genotype imputation across autosomal regions, masking directly genotyped SNPs to assess imputation accuracy and report an accuracy of >0.962 for directly genotyped SNPs. We demonstrate much higher capture of the natural killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) region versus comparable platforms. Overall, we show that the genotyping quality and coverage of the TxArray is very high when compared to reference samples and to other genome-wide genotyping platforms. Conclusions: We have designed a comprehensive genome-wide genotyping tool which enables accurate association testing and imputation of ungenotyped SNPs, facilitating powerful and cost-effective large-scale genotyping of transplant-related studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number90
JournalGenome Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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