Conclusions: What we love now and where the CIP theory can still take us

Samuel T. Hunter, Jeffrey B. Lovelace

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The suggestion of Charismatic, Ideological, and Pragmatic (CIP) being a diversity-friendly theory, then, might strike the reader as a mismatched recommendation. Although the theory was built on a largely white male foundation, the core elements embrace the notion that there are multiple ways to be a successful leader. In working on all CIP projects over the 10+ years, including those that have not made their way into print just yet, the one result that emerges as the most striking is, counterintuitively, a “non-finding”. To close things out, although reviews of the CIP research describe the strong support the theory has garnered for its main propositions over the years, these summative efforts have also stressed that key conceptual and methodological advancements are necessary to help extend the theory’s scholarly and practical impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExtending the Charismatic, Ideological, and Pragmatic Approach to Leadership
Subtitle of host publicationMultiple Pathways to Success
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781351017145
ISBN (Print)9781138497733
StatePublished - Apr 21 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


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