Conditional Reasoning: An Integrated Approach to Item Analysis

Daniel R. Smith, Michael E. Hoffman, James M. LeBreton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This article provides a review of the approach that James used when conducting item analyses on his conditional reasoning test items. That approach was anchored in classical test theory. Our article extends this work in two important ways. First, we offer a set of test development protocols that are tailored to the unique nature of conditional reasoning tests. Second, we further extend James’s approach by integrating his early test validation protocols (based on classical test theory) with more recent protocols (based on item response theory). We then apply our integrated item analytic framework to data collected on James’s first test, the conditional reasoning test for relative motive strength. We illustrate how this integrated approach furnishes additional diagnostic information that may allow researchers to make more informed and targeted revisions to an initial set of items.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-153
Number of pages30
JournalOrganizational Research Methods
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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