Conscious sedation by sedation-trained interventionalists versus anesthesia providers in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular thrombectomy: A propensity score-matched analysis

Varun Padmanaban, Chloe Grzyb, Cesar Velasco, Alicia Richardson, Erin Cekovich, Raymond Reichwein, Ephraim W. Church, David Wilkinson, Scott Simon, Kevin Cockroft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The appropriate choice of perioperative sedation during endovascular thrombectomy for ischemic stroke is unknown. Few studies have evaluated the role of nursing-administered conscious sedation supervised by a trained interventionalist. Objective: To compare the safety and efficacy of endovascular thrombectomy for ischemic stroke performed with nursing-administered conscious sedation supervised by a trained interventionalist with monitored anesthesia care supervised by an anesthesiologist. Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected stroke registry was performed. The primary outcome was functional independence at 90 days, defined as a modified Rankin score of 0–2. Propensity score matching was performed to control for known confounders including patient comorbidities, access type, and direct-to-suite transfers. Results: A total of 355 patients underwent endovascular thrombectomy for large vessel occlusion between 2018 and 2022. Thirty five patients were excluded as they arrived at the endovascular suite intubated. Three hundred and twenty patients were included in our study, 155 who underwent endovascular thrombectomy with nursing-administered conscious sedation and 165 who underwent endovascular thrombectomy with monitored anesthesia care. After propensity score matching, there were 111 patients in each group. There was no difference in modified Rankin score 0–2 at 90 days (26.1% vs 35.1%, p = 0.190). Patients undergoing monitored anesthesia care received significantly more vasoactive medications (23.4% vs 49.5%, p < 0.001) and had a lower intraoperative minimum systolic blood pressure (134 vs 123 mmHg, p < 0.046). There was no difference in procedural efficacy, safety, intubation rates, and postoperative complications. Conclusion: Perioperative sedation with nursing-administered conscious sedation may be safe and effective in patients undergoing endovascular thrombectomy for ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInterventional Neuroradiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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