Constraints on innovation: Planning as a context for creativity

Michael D. Mumford, Samuel T. Hunter, Katrina E. Bedell-Avers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

10 Scopus citations


Plans and planning have a long and checkered history. In their commentaries, Ettlie (this volume) and Miller and Osborn (this volume) take rather different views on the need for planning in innovative projects. In this commentary, we take the position that innovation requires constraints. These constraints induce certain risk factors that warrant attention, such as oversystemization. By the same token, they produce conditions, including social conditions that make sustained innovation possible. Based on these observations, some potential directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMulti-Level Issues in Creativity and Innovation
EditorsMichael Mumford, Katrina Bedell-Avers, Samuel Hunter
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2007

Publication series

NameResearch in Multi-Level Issues
ISSN (Print)1475-9144

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)


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