Constraints on the Maximum Densities of Neutron Stars from Postmerger Gravitational Waves with Third-Generation Observations

Matteo Breschi, Sebastiano Bernuzzi, Daniel Godzieba, Albino Perego, David Radice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using data from 289 numerical relativity simulations of binary neutron star mergers, we identify, for the first time, a robust quasiuniversal relation connecting the postmerger peak gravitational-wave frequency and the value of the density at the center of the maximum mass nonrotating neutron star. This relation offers a new possibility for precision equation-of-state constraints with next-generation ground-based gravitational-wave interferometers. Mock Einstein Telescope observations of fiducial events indicate that Bayesian inferences can constrain the maximum density to ∼15% (90% credibility level) for a single signal at the minimum sensitivity threshold for a detection. If the postmerger signal is included in a full-spectrum (inspiral-merger-postmerger) analysis of such a signal, the pressure-density function can be tightly constrained up to the maximum density, and the maximum neutron star mass can be measured with an accuracy better than 12% (90% credibility level).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number161102
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume128
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 22 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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