Consumers vary in the explanations they give for meal termination. The Reasons Individuals Stop Eating Questionnaire (RISE-Q) was developed to measure these satiation processes. Individual differences in satiation may be associated with a general capacity to recognise and respond to contextual and interoceptive cues. The aims of the present study were to validate the factor structure of the RISE-Q and to explore its construct validity. In particular, we tested the prediction that a latent variable “Sensitivity to Internal Satiation Cues” is associated with high satiety responsiveness, high scores on the RISE-Q Physical Satisfaction (PS) and Decreased Food Appeal (DFA) scales and a healthy BMI. Participants (n = 216 adults) completed an online survey which included the RISE-Q, Mindful Eating Questionnaire, Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness, Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (AEBQ) and self-reported height and weight. Confirmatory Factor Analysis supported the 5-factor structure of the RISE-Q, but model fit was improved by a new short form (RISE-Q-15) of the questionnaire. Construct validity replicated for most RISE-Q subscales, but not RISE-Q and BMI. Structural Equation Modelling demonstrated that Sensitivity to Internal Satiation Cues was associated with RISE-Q PS but not with the DFA, whereas AEBQ Satiety Responsiveness was associated with DFA, but not with PS. The RISE-Q-15 may be more sensitive to specific meal termination behaviours than pre-existing questionnaires, and due to its low participant burden, it provides a useful tool to explore further multiple processes of satiation in various contexts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nutrition and Dietetics