Construction of Circumplex Scales for the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems

Lynn E. Alden, Jerry S. Wiggins, Aaron L. Pincus

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723 Scopus citations


We constructed a set of circumplex scales for the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP; Horowitz, Rosenberg, Baer, Ureno, & Villasenor, 1988). Initial scale construction used all 127 items from this instrument in two samples of university undergraduates (n = 197; n = 273). Cross-sample stability of item locations plotted against the first two principal components was high. A final set of eight 8-item circumplex scales was derived from the combined sample (n = 470) and cross-validated in a third university sample (n = 974). Finally, we examined the structural convergence of the IIP circumplex scales with an established measure of interpersonal dispositions, the Revised Interpersonal Adjective Scales (IAS-R; Wiggins, Trapnell, & Phillips, 1988). Although both circumplex instruments were derived independently, they shared a common circular space. Implications of these results are discussed with reference to current research methods for the study of interpersonal behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-536
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Dec 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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