Continuous analysis of a DNA restriction enzyme digest on a microfabricated device is demonstrated with minimal intervention and enhanced time resolution. A 62-base-pair fragment of dsDNA containing a KpnI site was used to demonstrate this process. A capillary was used to transfer sample from a single reaction mix to a microfabricated chip with parallel separation lanes. The 6-carboxyfluorescein-labeled DNA fragments were detected with a CCD camera as they separated in the lanes, which were filled with linear polyacrylamide. The products of the restriction enzyme digest were monitored for up to 60 min at an average sampling rate of 1 injection/46 s, with consecutive injections as short as 1 injection/14 s. The digest was injected directly into the chip, eliminating the need for any sample-handling steps after addition of the enzyme to the reaction mix. The effects of temperature and restriction enzyme concentration were briefly examined, as well. This work shows the potential of this method to provide valuable information about the process of restriction enzyme cleavage.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry