Rapid detection of ischemic conditions at the bedside can improve treatment of acute brain injury. In this observational study of 11 critically ill brain-injured adults, we employed a monitoring approach that interleaves time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy (TR-NIRS) measurements of cerebral oxygen saturation and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) with diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF). Using this approach, we demonstrate the clinical promise of non-invasive, continuous optical monitoring of changes in CBF and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2). In addition, the optical CBF and CMRO2 measures were compared to invasive brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2), thermal diffusion flowmetry CBF, and cerebral microdialysis measures obtained concurrently. The optical CBF and CMRO2 information successfully distinguished between ischemic, hypermetabolic, and hyperemic conditions that arose spontaneously during patient care. Moreover, CBF monitoring during pressor-induced changes of mean arterial blood pressure enabled assessment of cerebral autoregulation. In total, the findings suggest that this hybrid non-invasive neurometabolic optical monitor (NNOM) can facilitate clinical detection of adverse physiological changes in brain injured patients that are otherwise difficult to measure with conventional bedside monitoring techniques.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine